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Task 1

The maps show the village of Pebbleton 20 years ago and now. 

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

The two maps detail the town of Pebbleton 20 years in the past and the present day.

Overall, Pebbleton has grown exponentially with the expansion of road infrastructure, as well as the building of additional dwellings and recreational amenities, changing the town into a more urbanised one.

Initially, Pebbleton was an undeveloped peninsula connected to the mainland through Roadbridge, which was the only route to get to school on the opposite side of the river 20 years ago. A playing field ran horizontally along Old Ford Road in the central section, and a film studio filled the southern portion of the peninsula. Meanwhile, the northern section was dedicated to a lighthouse, an old fort, and a series of residences built along the beach that could only be reached by Lighthouse Lane.

The quantity of residential areas has grown since then, and a new pedestrian bridge between the school and Pembleton has been built. By the construction of a new community centre nearby, the coastal fort has been replaced with a children’s playground. In addition, the film studio has been converted into a residential apartment, and a newly built pathway has connected the flat to the revenue court. Last but not least, the playing field in the southern section and the lighthouse in the western section remain undisturbed.

  • Exponentially (adv): ngày càng nhanh
  • Infrastructure (n): cơ sở hạ tầng
  • Recreational amenities (n): tiện ích vui chơi, giải trí
  • Peninsula (n): bán đảo
  • Remain undisturbed: còn nguyên vẹn

    Task 2

    Any country should be able to sell goods to other countries without the restrictions of the government. Do you agree or disagree?

    In contemporary society, it is widely assumed that any country should be able to sell its goods to other countries without government intervention. From my perspective, I disagree with this viewpoint since government intervention should have a significant influence on trade operations.

    Initially, I argue that exporting commodities to other nations without government oversight can have a variety of negative consequences in various areas. First and foremost, trading items without restrictions may be thought to play a key role in lowering product quality and trustworthiness in contemporary society. Pharmaceutical and food corporations, for example, like to export their drugs in order to maximize their profit margins. Without government controls, certain businesses might engage in unlawful activities such as selling products with illegal substances, posing a major risk to customers in the long run.

    Furthermore, it is thought that allowing countries to freely trade products will not only stifle their economic progress but also put them at danger of experiencing economic instability. Indeed, due to the lack of government restrictions, merchants may be able to implement their marketing plans by offering items at excessively cheap or high costs in comparison to market norms in order to gain the market share.

    On the other side, many individuals may argue that placing more restrictions on commercial activity would prevent their economy from being prosperous. From that view, many businesses and private firms should be able to freely export to other nations in order to increase their productivity should the situation allow. However, despite laws being prone to be violated, they would act as a deterrence and guideline for businesses to operate.

    To summarize, despite the general benefits of being able to freely trade commodities, I believe that it would be better for both people and communities to carry out export movements in compliance with government regulations.

    • Government intervention (n): sự can thiệp của chính phủ
    • Trade operation (n): hoạt động giao thương
    • Commodity (n): hàng hóa
    • Trustworthiness (n): sự uy tín
    • Profit margin (n): biên độ lợi nhuận
    • Economic instability (n): sự bất ổn về kinh tế
    • Prosperous (adj): thịnh vượng
    • Deterrence (n): sự răn đe

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